However, there is a need for understanding the discrepancies in GDM prevalence estimates by data sources and for a consensus on which diagnostic criteria to use. Because GDM diagnosis is based on a 2-step test where women who have positive results on the first glucose challenge test go on to an oral glucose tolerance test, only women who have positive results on both tests would be diagnosed with GDM.
Prepregnancy BMI and the risk of gestational diabetes: Given the rapid socioeconomic and nutrition transition and the increasing prevalence of GDM in Asia [ 1927 ], it is of public health importance to provide an overview of this condition in Eastern and Southeastern Asia.
Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am ;34 2: Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and other categories of glucose intolerance. Nonetheless, those possible modifiers were not taken into account in this review due to the lack of data available from included studies.
Results Prevalence estimates of GDM Records from 23, women inrepresenting 1, births, were included in our analysis.
We categorized anyone who reported Hispanic ethnicity as Hispanic, regardless of any secondary race classification. Cost of gestational diabetes mellitus in the United States in However a two-step screening method is more accurate and could accordingly reduce personal and societal costs despite its inconvenience for patients and increased workload for healthcare professionals [ 96 ].
The remaining 8 studies applied other criteria see Supplemental Table. Diabetes Care ;36 Suppl 1: The initial search identified publications, and after the removal of duplicate recordswere retrieved for preliminary assessment.
We found no statistical difference in GDM prevalence between the 2 phases. Birth certificate data have been shown to underestimate GDM prevalence. The mean age of the participants was There is a need for international uniformity in screening strategies and diagnostic criteria for GDM.
This literature review thus aims to address this important literature gap by reviewing and critically assessing available evidence, and making recommendations on areas of diabetes management which need to be strengthened. Association of intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and obesity with type 2 diabetes in youth: Obesity and the risk and detection of fetal malformations.
In addition, the inclusion of only English publications may have resulted in publication bias. This estimate hides large intracountry variation. The process of entering the meta-analysis is shown in Fig. Thus, GDM prevalence obtained from the birth certificate alone is likely underestimated.
PRAMS data are weighted to represent all women delivering live births within each state, adjusting for sampling design, noncoverage, and nonresponse. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviewed and approved this report before submission for publication.
Binns and Andy H. Prepregnancy BMI and the risk of gestational diabetes: Methods We conducted a comprehensive literature review together with a review of unpublished data from the Ministry of Health and a public health insurer Askes.
Even if our most conservative estimate is used, GDM still affects nearly 1 in 20 4. Care of the infant of the diabetic mother. The children born to these mothers are also more likely to develop impaired glucose tolerance and metabolic complications Cong Luat Nguyen systematically searched the literature and extracted data.
However, we found no significant difference in GDM prevalence between the 2 phases. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or nonprofit sectors.
Fetal macrosomia is a common adverse infant outcome of GDM if unrecognized and untreated in time. The increasing prevalence of diabetes in pregnancy.
Counseling about nutrition and physical activity, as well as appropriate contraceptive use, may help women achieve a healthy weight before pregnancy. One of the main forms of diabetes is gestational diabetes mellitus GDM defined as glucose intolerance that occurs for the first time or is first identified during pregnancy 6 — Moreover, the one-step screening method was twice more likely to be used in diagnosing GDM when compared to the two-step screening procedure.The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus recurrence—effect of ethnicity and parity: a metaanalysis Presented as a poster and is scheduled to be presented at the 35th annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, San Diego, Feb.
We compared the increases in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and its risk factors in.
Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the prevalence of Gestational diabetes mellitus in Sub-Saharan Africa Methods: A systematic computer based literature.
Review Of Literature Related To Diabetes Mellitus Nursing Essay. Print Reference this The review of literature for the present Study has been done on knowledge regarding lifestyle modification among diabetes mellitus patients from published articles, textbooks, reports, newsletters, medline and internet search.
SECTION A: Literature. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Risk of Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Offspring: diabetes and childhood Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes · Trisomy 18 was independently described by Edwards et al and Smith et al in This current review focuses on pregnant women with gestational diabetes and a sister review focuses on women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2).Download